Collaborative tools and methodologies contribute greatly to our information society. Many collaborative methodologies are not new; however, the tools available allow the methodologies to be used much more effectively. Collaborative tools include e-mail, wiki, web publishing, Internet forums, online chat, instant messaging, telephony, videoconferencing, electronic whiteboards, application sharing, electronic calendars, project management systems, on-line proofing, workflow systems, knowledgemanagement systems, extranet systems, social software systems, and on-line spreadsheets. Collaborative tools and methodologies have enabled groundbreaking work (such as the Human Genome Project) to be carried out by multiple laboratories across the world. The use of collaborative tools is gaining momentum as individuals and organisations rapidly adapt to their benefits and exploit their power.