Green supply chain management (GrSCM) integrates environmental and sustainability best practices within supply chain operations. These best practices include product design, material sourcing and selection, manufacturing, transportation, logistics, delivery of the final product to consumers, and management of products at the end of their useful life.
As the public becomes increasingly educated about environmental issues and global warming, consumers are asking more questions about the products they purchase. Companies are now having to answer questions about how green their processes and supply chain are, as well as about their carbon footprint and how they recycle. Brand building and waste reduction are the biggest incentives to implement GrSCM, while cost and complexity are seen as the biggest barriers. When carefully managed, it has been shown that green supply chains generate economic, environmental, and social benefits.
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