The movement of people across a country’s borders is usually controlled by immigration authorities. The movement of all other things – for example, goods, hazardous items, vehicles, and animals – is controlled by a government department, agency, service or authority called customs. In general, a customs department decides what can or cannot enter or leave a country, how much should be paid in terms of duty (tax) for that to happen, and prevents the illegal import and export of banned or dangerous goods. Every country has its own laws and regulations relating to the import and export of goods. However, for the purposes of business and international trade, some of these laws and regulations are governed by formal international agreements. This ensures security, and facilitates and expedites the clearance of goods in an efficient manner.
BPIR Categories12.2 Ensure compliance with regulations
13.1 Develop and manage supplier/customer partnerships
13.3 Manage government/regulator relationships
15.6.18 Regulatory and legal compliance
2.1.3 Identify political & regulatory issues
6.2.2 Work with suppliers/outsourced contractors
8.2.4 Leadership relationships with suppliers and partners